read How to Track Your Food to Achieve Weight Loss

How to Track Your Food to Achieve Weight Loss

Track your food to achieve weight loss

Many fitness and diet fads tout their ability to help you shed large amounts of weight in as little time as possible. However, the real success lies in maintaining weight loss, which is where many fads fall short. It may sound too good to be true, but the simple act of tracking your food intake — also called dietary self-management — may be the key to achieving sustainable weight loss. This is an essential aspect when it comes to nutrition for weight loss.

Stated simply, if you eat more calories than you lose, you will gain weight. Conversely, if you burn more calories than you consume, you will lose weight. Of course, this concept is not that straight forward, as countless factors, such as genetics, hormones, hydration levels, and stress play a pivotal role. 

However, if your goal is to lose weight, create a caloric deficit. This means that you need to focus on burning more calories than you consume while while following a nutrition plan for weight loss.

Also read: Calorie Deficit: How to Calculate It for Weight Loss

How do you track your food intake?

There are various tips to keep your diet on track. Many techniques help in food tracking. The most common one is the use of smartphone apps that feature barcode scanners and other tools that simplify the process. When using an app to achieve or maintain weight loss, pay attention to consistency and frequency.

Consistently monitoring your food intake for more than three days per week aids in weight loss

You can track your food intake by counting calories or points or monitoring macros, which is the balance of carbohydrates, protein, and fat, in a nutrition-related mobile app. Do note that some of the calorie values used on these apps are estimates and may not exactly match what you are actually consuming. Such apps can be powerful and motivational tools in your weight loss journey, but you cannot depend on them for precise measurements.

For some people, particularly those who have waged a long-term battle with their weight, a more comprehensive food diary or log may lead to greater success. Also, if you are more interested in taking a big-picture look at your diet habits and trends, but not particularly interested in crunching data, a food diary or log may be a better way to track your food calories.

What to include in your food diary

First, follow the basics related to nutrition for weight loss. Use a food weighing scale, measuring cups, and measuring spoons when preparing your food. This holds true whether you are using an app or a food diary. Otherwise, there would be no way of accurately knowing your nutrition diet for weight loss knowing accurately what you are consuming, as people often underestimate their intake when guessing at measurements or looking back on an already eaten meal.

No matter what form your food tracking takes, be as specific as possible in terms of how the items were prepared, how much you ate, and what specifically was in a dish

When it comes to nutrition food for weight loss, you need to be very particular. For example, recording chicken is not enough; you need to specify whether it was skinless, light meat, organ meat, baked, or fried. If you ate a salad, mention how much dressing was used. Also, state if nuts or cheese were added to it along with the specified quantity. 

To ensure the best nutrition for weight loss, you must be aware of how and when you are weighing or measuring the foods you eat. For example, the nutritional value of foods like rice and pasta is usually listed on the package in terms of the uncooked weight. So, you would have to measure them before cooking. Also, 100g of raw chicken may contain 115 calories and 23g of protein, while 100g of cooked chicken may contain 165 calories and 31g of protein. This may not seem like a huge difference. However, if you underestimate the calorie counts in the foods, even by a small amount, they can add up over time.

You may also consider recording your hunger level. Analyze whether you ate because you were genuinely hungry, or just to take a break from work. You can record your mood and thoughts just before eating. Introspect whether you had a piece of cake because you were stressed and upset, or you made a conscious decision to have a treat and then truly savor every bite. Finally, record where you were and who you were with when you ate that piece of cake.

Your food diary may have columns that may include details, such as:

  • Time
  • Food
  • Amount (or calories)
  • Hunger level
  • Location
  • Who were you with? 

Benefits of tracking your food intake

Food tracking is all about creating awareness and accountability. It may seem simplistic, but there is great value in taking a breath before eating. With effective food tracking, you can be mindful of what you are consuming. Then, you can record the food items in your food log before you eat them. This process makes you more accountable to yourself and your goals. 

Food tracking also reveals your habits and allows you to address areas of concern and build on strengths. Recognizing, celebrating, and reinforcing healthy habits can be just as valuable as focusing on the ones that you want to change.

Finally, recording when, where, and with whom you eat may reveal patterns and triggers that are sabotaging your weight loss efforts. Whether it is a friend who always opts for fast food or a stressful meeting that results in poor decision-making, identifying your patterns and triggers is the first step toward making an adjustment. 

Also Read: Healthy Eating Habits: How to Get Them Right

You may uncover some interesting patterns as you revisit your food diary; so, keep checking it regularly. For example, you may find that you choose unhealthy snacks late in the workday, or skip lunch during busy days and end up over-indulging later. Finding these trouble spots and making plans to address them is an essential part of changing your behavior. 

You may also find that certain foods trigger better moods or improved energy levels. Discovering positive associations with the consumption of certain foods will make it easier to stick to your nutritional plan. After all, if you know you feel better after a day of healthy eating, it may motivate you to eat that way more often

The true value of recording your intake lies in the possibility to go back and evaluate your diet. After a few weeks of frequently logging your food, spend some time asking yourself these questions:

  • How healthy is my diet?
  • Am I eating a wide variety of and sufficient fruits and vegetables? 
  • Am I eating whole grains every day?
  • Am I choosing lean sources of protein?
  • Am I eating healthy fats?
  • How is my mood affecting my choices, and how is my diet influencing my mood? 
  • Are there any patterns I can identify or habits I can break? 
  • Can I create new habits that will support my weight loss efforts?
  • What is the one small step that I can take now toward eating healthier?
  • What can I start doing today to make healthier choices?
  • On which day did I eat best and what can I learn from that?

Answering these questions openly and honestly may unlock the key to achieving and maintaining a healthy weight. 

References
1. American Council on Exercise. The Professional’s Guide to Health and Wellness Coaching. San Diego: American Council on Exercise, 2019.
2. Fung TT, Long MW, Hung P, et al. An expanded model for mindful eating for health promotion and sustainability: Issues and challenges for dietetics practice. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 2016, 116: 1081–6.
3. Harvey J, Krukowski R, Priest J, et al. Log often, lose more: Electronic self-monitoring for weight loss. Obesity 2019; 27: 380–4.
4. Payne JE, Turk MT, Pelligrini CA, et al. Abstract P506: Dietary self-monitoring using an app: Are frequency, consistency and completeness related to weight loss? Circulation 2020, 141: AP506.
5. Peterson ND, Middleton KR, Nackers LM, et al. Dietary self-monitoring and long-term success with weight management. Obesity 2014; 22: 1962–1967.

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